Many relics found in Hue Imperial City were shattered by wars and weather but in recent years, many temples and palaces have been restored to make the site as stunning and awe-inspiring as it was before.
At the meeting of the 17th session of the World Heritage Committee(WHC) in Columbia in 1993, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) recognized the Complex of Hue Monuments as a World Cultural Heritage, making Hue the first site in Vietnam to be included in the World Heritage List.
The Hue monuments have suffered significantly as a result of the passage of time, weather and wars. In 1947, a fire in the Imperial City and Forbidden Purple City destroyed nearly all the monuments.
There have been a series of restoration projects to get the relics back to life to their magnificent beauty. Hue served as the administrative center of southern Vietnam in the 17th and 18th centuries. Gia Long, first ruler of the Nguyen dynasty, made it the national capital of united Vietnam in 1802, a position that it held until 1945.
It was selected because it is geographically situated in the center of the country and with easy access to the sea.
The capital was planned in accordance with ancient oriental philosophy in general. It also respected the physical conditions of the site, especially the Perfume River and Ngu Binh Mountain.
Four citadels made up the city, including Capital City for official administrative buildings, Imperial City for royal palaces and shrines, Forbidden Purple City for the royal residences, and Tran Binh Bastion. There was an additional defensive bastion in the north-east corner of the Capital City to control the movement of the river.
The Imperial City and Forbidden Purple City known collectively as the Inner City have many palaces similar in style and design. Roof edges are straight, and the decoration, both internally and externally, is abundant.
Hue is known not only for its unique style of architecture but also as a spiritual center for Buddhism and Confucianism.