Long exposure photography is a very popular technique in the last couple of years. You can read a lot of this kind in landscape photography magazines and on photo sharing websites talking about night shots in cities and so on. Keep in mind to consider always some things which will not change so much.
Tip 1: A tripod is considered the base requirement. Exposures can easily extend to more than a couple of minutes, so it is vital that your tripod is as sturdy as can be.
Tip 2: For exposures over 60 seconds, you’ll need to be able to locate the ‘BULB’ mode of your camera. Switching to BULB enables you to open the shutter for as long as you choose, enabling really long exposures
Tip 3: Keep in mind that even at low ISO, super long exposures can introduce noise in the form of hot pixels and that a long exposure does not make up for poor composition.
If you are combining long exposure with panning it can get very extreme. Panning is defined as a photograph with a long exposure where a deliberately blurred image is created by one of the following conditions:
The camera movement with slow shutter speeds/exposure times while exposing a stationary subject.
The subject in moving while exposing with a stationary camera.
The camera movement as well as the subject movement at long exposure times. This can include zooming while exposing the image.
Things to remember when panning:
* Set your ISO to its lowest.
* Set your exposure time (shutter speed) to a long exposure. 1/15, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2 sec. as example.
Here some images I took following my own advices. It’s always depending on your own artistic taste and sort of shooting. Not all shots will be full in focus, but sometimes it is not obligatory as a good composition can be more crucial.