The records of the city of Seoul are dating back approximately 2,000 years. At that time the capital of Baekje was located on the banks of the Hangang River in the southeastern part of what is nowadays Seoul. As it was appointed the capital of the Joseon Dynasty (1392 - 1910), the real development started.
At the foot of Bugaksan, the central mountain overlooking Seoul, Gyeongbokgung was the primary Royal Palace for 200 years, until it was burnt down in the Japanese invasion of Korea in 1592. It was restored in 1867; but, less than fifty years later, Japanese colonialists destroyed the front part of the palace. Some of the remains of the building were moved to the Independence Hall of Korea in Cheonan for public display.
Under a significant renovation project, the palace was restored starting in 1990. The main gate, Gwanghwamun, was moved to its original location. The palace features some of the country’s most popular attractions, especially Geunjeongjeon Hall and Gyeonghoeru Pavilion.